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The Novarrk

The Novarrk was listed in my ‘2035’ news article under my futurist thoughts without being specifically named for personal reasons; however, I did however describe the unique and indistinguishable characteristics of The Novarrk in unmistakable detail since I’m a designer, and a futurist, and an American journalist who is aware of the U.S. Copyright protection that automatically extends to everything that I have written or will write in the future.   

But what is The Novarrk?

The Novarrk is my ‘Artificially Intelligent Bus Design’ which was conceived of well in advance of the year 2005.

The Novarrk is designed to be a fully autonomous self-driving bus which will be capable of self-diagnosis, which means that it will be able to determine what’s wrong with its engine or its doors or its air conditioning system or its fuel system or its electrical system or its wheels or its brakes or its tires etc.

The Novarrk is also designed to operate on all city streets since an onboard interactive map of the Continental USA or of Africa or of Israel or of Italy or of China or of North Korea or of England or of Russia is all that is needed since a backup master map will be held by The All Seeing Eye in The Sky or by the AI Satellite called The Novarrk Diamond.

The Novarrk differs from other buses since it is designed to be dispatched by The Novarrk Diamond in the sky which will possess an independent artificial intelligence of its own, as well as a master problem solving algorithm that will be anticipatory in nature since it will be able to see the entire landscape from its position in space.

My AI Satellite-to-AI Bus-System’will completely eliminate the need for a human dispatcher to come into work whenever he or she is sick since The Novarrk buses will also have a situational problem solving artificial intelligence algorithm, which means that passengers will be able to ask The Novarrk questions about routes, and the weather, and news reports, and traffic reports, and road closures, and upcoming festivals or concerts or sporting events along The Novarrk’s preprogrammed route.  

The passengers will also be able to ask The Novarrk questions about restaurants and medical facilities and schools and shops and libraries and storage facilities and auto repair facilities and bus pass stations and other places along The Novarrk’s route. Passengers will also be sold an age appropriate bus pass while they are on the bus when they have not purchased an electronic bus card in advance, and if the passenger was just released from a medical facility, and is wearing a hospital band or cannot pay the fare, The Novarrk will remember their face, and their name, and will grant them two lifetime free rides without human oversight, however, any free rides above the two free lifetime trips or rides will require a human manager or supervisor to enter the following code HR2+TS.

The aforementioned age appropriate bus passes will be accomplished through means of the sophisticated camera system that The Novarrk will be using to separate the adults from the kids, who will be charged in accordance with the rules of their particular city.

The Novarrk AI based camera system will also separate the handicapped riders from the non-handicapped riders, who will be charged their individual ADA appropriate fare, which will be based entirely upon their disability, which will be perceived by the AI camera system since it will be able to scan the eyes and the entire body of all passengers. 

The battery powered Novarrk that I designed will also use its sophisticated camera system to determine whether or not it should stop for a passenger verses a dog or a shopping cart.

The Novarrk will also use a GPS system and an onboard interactive mapping system to determine its routes, as well as when it should stop for a red light, and for road closures, which will either be uploaded to its GPS system, and to its onboard interactive mapping system in advance or in real time since the police and the fire department and the public works department will be able to communicate with The Novarrk, and also with The Novarrk Diamond, who will send an alternate route to The Novarrk while the human managers observe the AI-to-AI process or interface from their office while communicating with the police or with the fire department or with the public works department.  

The Novarrk is also designed to be a technician assigning and advising system, so if The Novarrk should experience a mechanical malfunction, it will call for another bus to be sent while it troubleshoots the problem, and while it arrives at a solution to the problem while it examines its blueprint, which will have a sensor, and a unique part number, and a trouble code for the faulty part, and for every inch of its operating system, and its frame, and its moving parts.

The faulty part will be ordered by The Novarrk, which means that the part will be waiting for the assigned technician by the time The Novarrk arrives back at its home base or its yard for repair, and if The Novarrk is not drivable, The Novarrk will order its own tow truck since it will be able to fully diagnose itself.

The Novarrk will also have a text based communications system that will allow it to tell the assigned technician which tool or tools will be needed to repair its system since the faulty part, and the tool will have matching serial numbers that will either begin with ‘RP’ for replacement part or with “RT’ for replacement tool.

The ‘RP’ and the ‘RT’ will appear side by side, and if a panel or another item on The Novarrk blueprint has to be removed in order to remove and replace the faulty part; The Novarrk will include the additional ‘RT’ right along with its specific location on The Novarrk blueprint.

The aforementioned text message will be as follows:

***RP4789 RT4789 RT4788 Left Rear Floor Panel Phillips Screw Driver Completion Time 2.5 Hours***  

The assigned technician will have all of the information that he or she will need in order to repair The Novarrk since a 3D picture will also be sent to his or her phone or computer, which will show the exact location of the faulty part, and its part number, and its replacement tool number, and its additional replacement tool numbers, if any, and the estimated time to complete the job.

The Novarrk will also inform the assigned technician about any and all safety concerns while informing him or her about any and all safety equipment that will be required to complete the job.

The Novarrk will also test itself once the part has been replaced, and it will also inform the assigned technician whether or not he or she has missed a screw or a step in the replacement process since it will know. 

The Armstrong AI Bus Design                                                         

Nathaniel Armstrong, Jr.

Cerritos, CA –




By now most of you have had the opportunity to listen to one of Senator Bernie Sanders’ ubiquitous ‘Medicare for All’ speeches, however, we still do not have enough information about Senator Sanders’ health plan since his ‘Medicare for All Bill’ is vague, and does not provide us any specifics about the Democrats’ Medicare for All plan, so how can we determine whether or not we should be for Medicare for All or against it.

We also need more information about Senator Sanders’ Medicare plan since no one has bothered to ask Senator Sanders whether or not the ‘All’ in his Medicare for All Bill means ‘All U.S. Citizens?’

Senator Sanders also has not been asked whether or not his Medicare for All Bill will include ‘All U.S. Prisoners’ since they do not presently have a health insurance plan?

Senator Sanders also has not been asked whether or not his Medicare for All Bill will also include the ‘Undocumented Aliens?’

Senator Sanders’ Medicare for All Bill also does not provide any specifics about what services we can expect to receive from Medicare? For example, how many days will we be covered for if we have to be hospitalized or what will happen if and when we reach the 100 day maximum?

Senator Sanders’ Medicare for All Bill also does not explain what will happen to the other healthcare employees if and when Medicare for All becomes the law of the land?

I have been fielding a lot of questions about Senator Sanders’ Medicare for All Bill, and will lay out some specifics about Medicare that you should know.

I will also address the possible impact to the existing non-Medicare employees, who will simply experience what the non-Affordable Care Act employees, and the Medicare employees experienced when Former President Obama signed the Affordable Care Act into law.

The one thing to remember about Medicare is that it is a ‘Capitation System’ which means the price for services is negotiated up front, so if you go in for a procedure, you will not be pulled off the examination table because a private insurance company, insert name here, won’t cover the procedure.

We need a Medicare for All Bill, which provides specific details and facts, and once we have the specific services that are presently being offered by Medicare, and the specific services that will be offered by the Medicare for All Bill, we will be able to have an intelligent and informed discussion with Senator Sanders, who also needs to explain whether or not certain Medicare services are going to go away, and whether or not the 80/20 cost ratio will be increased to a 60/40 cost ratio, and whether or not your social security check will be affected, and whether or not the ‘LEP’ or ‘Late Enrollment Penalty’ for Part D or for prescription drugs is going to increase or go away altogether once the young people come on board, and whether or not the senior citizens will have to wait longer to see a doctor, and how he plans to deal with the existing ‘Close Panel’ and ‘Open Panel’ situation, and whether or not some doctors will be assigned 4 to 600 patients once the young people enter the Medicare system?

Medicare currently offers Medicare Part A and Medicare Part B services under the 80/20 cost ratio, which means that you will pay 20 percent of the total cost for goods and services when you present your Medicare card.

Medicare Part A: Hospitalization.

Medicare B: Doctor visits.

Medicare also allows a senior citizen to obtain a ‘Medicare Advantage Plan’ or a ‘Medicare Advantage Prescription Drug Plan’ or a ‘MAPD’ which takes care of the need to obtain Part D coverage before the ‘LEP’ can be assessed.

Senator Sanders has yet to discuss the Democrats’ position on MAPDs, and will also need to explain whether or not young people or people who are under the age of 65 will be able to choose an MAPD? 

I will explain why this is important.

Joining an MAPD reduces your overall cost since you will have fixed copays and coinsurance payments for prescriptions, and for procedures, and for ‘Durable Medical Equipment or ‘DME.’ Plus you will have the benefit of hospice care when it is listed in your ‘EOC’ or ‘Evidence of Coverage.’

Some MAPDs also offer transportation services for those patients who need a ride to the doctor or to and from a dialysis appointment. And while it’s true that Medicare has a ‘Donut Hole’ or a period when the price of your medication increases for a period of time, it’s also true that some drug manufacturers will help a patient by providing free or reduced cost meds while the patient is in the ‘Donut Hole.’ You simply have to write a letter to the drug manufacturer and wait for a response.

A ‘Prescription Drug Card’ can also be used to reduce the cost of your medication, so I’m not too concerned about the dreaded ‘Donut Hole.’

The Democrats or interested Republicans can use my news article while constructing a Medicare for All Bill which will fully address our collective questions since I am neither right nor left.

I will now address the non-Medicare employees.

The private insurance companies already have a separate Medicare line of business, and will simply need to retrain their existing employees while moving them to the Medicare platform.                                                    

Nathaniel Armstrong, Jr.

Cerritos, CA –




I’m often asked about, ‘The African Cellphone Industry,’ and how it compares to America’s cellphone industry, and what Africans primarily use their cellphones for?

I intend to answer the abovementioned questions and many, many more during the course of my news article, but let me start off by saying that Africa has been able to jump into the digital age of phone-to-phone communication without having to develop a major landline industry first, which has its pluses and its minuses since our landline industry has created millions and millions of standalone service tech jobs in addition to millions and millions of cellphone industry jobs, so when it comes to having a dual communications industry that provides millions of jobs, as well as a backup emergency system that does not depend on cell towers, America still stands at the very top of the person to person communications mountain.

But, is it really a fair comparison since Africa has way more people than the United States, and can therefore produce many more jobs and subscribers?

Well, in the year 2002 only one to two Africans out of every ten Africans owned a cellphone, however, in the year 2018 Africa’s cellphone industry was just as big as the United States or bigger, and it did not take the African mobile phone networks nearly as long as it had taken the American mobile phone networks to achieve this kind of unprecedented success.

The African Cellphone Industry is booming in South Africa and in Nigeria and also in Kenya, and all across the African continent, and as a result, Smartphones sells will steadily increase with the advent of the Chinese made 5G Network that’s already being used in Mexico.

The cellphone has been a great help to Africa, and while Americans might primarily use their mobile phones for texting, and for taking pictures, and for social media, and for calling friends and family, and for making videos, and for navigation, and for listening to music, and for watching movies, and for watching YouTube; the Africans are into a phenomena called, ‘Mobile Money,’ and primarily use their cellphones for sending text messages, and for taking pictures, and for creating videos, and for getting political news, and for making and receiving payments, and for getting consumer info, and for getting health info, and for accessing social media sites, and for looking for jobs while applying for positions through their cellphones, which is something that would not be at all possible without Dr. Henry T. Sampson since the Cellphone simply would not exist without the pioneering work of an African American scientist named Dr. Henry T. Sampson, who invented the, ‘Gamma-Electric Cell,’ on July 6, 1971, and who also holds the U.S. Patent No. 3, 591, 860 for his ground breaking invention that gave birth to the 40 plus year old cell phone that you and I are carrying around inside our pockets and our day bags and our purses.

The ‘Gamma Electric Cell’ invention made it possible for Motorola’s engineer Marty Cooper to place the very first public cellphone call on April 3, 1973.

The Verge captured this history making event, which again would not have been possible without Dr. Henry T. Sampson’s ‘Gamma-Electric Cell’ invention, by telling us that the first public cell phone call took place in Midtown Manhattan, and that Marty Cooper called Joel Engel, who was the head of Bell Labs at the time, which was a competitor, and said, ‘Joel, this is Marty. I’m calling you from a cell phone, a real handheld portable cell phone.’

The call between Marty Cooper and Joel Engel was placed on a Motorola DynaTAC 8000x, which weighed some 2.5 pounds at the time.

Today our cellphones weigh 4 ounces, and although most Americans and Africans might not be aware of the history of the cellphone or who Dr. Henry T. Sampson is, their lives have been greatly enriched by his patented technology, which changed the entire English and non-English speaking world forever, so let us honor the African American scientist that brought the world the ‘Gamma-Electric Cell’ that’s directly responsible for our cellphones, and for Africa’s booming cellphone industry, which has more than one cellphone carrier, which might surprise some Americans since I was told by some Americans that they believe that Africa only has one or two cellphone carriers at most since America has had a cellphone industry ever since the 1980s.

Well, contrary to what some Americans might presently believe Africa has a pretty sizable mobile phone network that stretches far beyond one to two cellphone carriers.

I will list a few of Africa’s best known mobile phone networks or cellphone carriers below.  


Vodafone provides coverage for South Africa, Ghana, and Egypt     


Telefonica provides coverage for Sudan (operating as Sudan Unicom) and Morocco


Airtel provides coverage for Burkina Faso, Chad, Republic of Congo, Democratic Republic of Congo, Ghana, Nigeria, Kenya, and Uganda and other places in Africa


Orange provides coverage for Botswana, Cameroon, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Kenya, Ivory Coast, Mali, Niger, Senegal, Madagascar, Togo, and Uganda


Beeline provides coverage for many places in Africa and is a Russian mobile phone network that operates around the world and that has over 190 million subscribers throughout the world.

Well, by now you should know a lot more about The African Cellphone Industry than you previously did.

You should also know a lot more about the very first public cellphone call as well, and much, much more about how the cell phone ultimately came into being, and who invented the ‘Gamma-Electric Cell’ that gave birth to the cell phone.

Nathaniel Armstrong, Jr.

Cerritos, CA –



Self-Publishing has always been a part of the African American experience since the United States of America has always been hostile towards black authors, and towards black journalist, and this is why Governor John Brown Russwurm and Samuel Cornish made history by publishing Freedom’s Journal on March 16, 1827.

The pioneering work of Governor John Brown Russwurm and Samuel Cornish gave birth to the African American Self-Publishing phenomena, and was therefore the principle reason behind Frederick Douglas, and the Southern blacks in the Antebellum South, and Ida B. Wells, and other black Americans taking the time to contribute to Black History by becoming Self-Published black writers and authors and journalists and newspaper editors and business owners and community leaders while proving once and for all that one does not need to go to the dominate white culture for permission or for approval to publish one’s work since God alone gives us our individual abilities and talents. 

Governor John Brown Russwurm and Samuel Cornish also paved the way for the black science fiction writers and for the black comic book writers and for the black horror writers and for all of the other black writers that are presently writing in all of the other genres that you might be familiar with since African Americans are also writing romance novels and sports articles and articles on Metaphysics and fortune telling and automotive repair and carpentry and space and science and bee keeping and photography etc.

Governor John Brown Russwurm and Samuel Cornish used their journalistic skills, and their innate ability to dare to be different, and their courage and their unquenchable desire to create a better world for black Americans, to pave the way for all of the black Americans that would come after them by sending a psychological and an inaudible message on March 16, 1827 that essentially read, “If you have something to say then you should write it down while making it available for the world to see.”

Self-Publishing has been a part of the black experience for over 190 years, and will continue to be a part of the African American experience for many years to come since Self-Publishing is a nearly 200 year old African American tradition, and one that symbolizes the ultimate form of freedom of expression since an editor cannot tell the Independent Author, “No you cannot write that or we need to take this particular passage out since it might offend the President or the Republicans or the Democrats or the Baptists or the Catholics or the Pope or the Governor or the families that became filthy rich off of the African Slave Trade.”

The Self-Published African American author has the freedom to fully express his or herself while adding to American History in the process, and while bringing you a raw and uncut version of his or her copyrighted material that will also be added to Black History.

Self-Publishing has been seen as a “Birthright” by many African American professionals since Governor John Brown Russwurm and Samuel Cornish had dared to be different while slavery was still the law of the land, and while the white power structure was consistently trying to tell black people that they have no intrinsic value, which is patently false, and especially when you take a look at all of the African American inventions that make America what it is today while remembering that a 46-year-old African American inventor and businessman and community leader and newspaperman named Garrett Augustus Morgan, Sr. (March 4, 1877 to August 27, 1963) received U.S. Patent NO. 1,475,074 in the year 1923 for his groundbreaking “Three Position Traffic Signal” that keeps you and I from running into each other.

Garrett Augustus Morgan Senior’s, “Three Position Traffic Signal,” which came into being shortly after Garrett had witnessed a horrific accident, was created some 58 years after Chattel Slavery had officially come to an end in America, and while black Americans were still being discriminated against and openly lynched and beaten and killed by the police.

The white inventors and Self-Publishers and newspapermen were never enslaved in the United States of America, and never had to overcome the levels of difficulty that black Americans have, and still weren’t able to come up with the kinds of inventions that the black slaves and the former black slaves, some of whom who were enslaved Jews from Africa, were able to come up with while demonstrating their intrinsic value.                                       

 Nathaniel Armstrong, Jr.

Cerritos, CA –


Does your child have an imaginary or invisible friend? Well, if he or she does, then you just might want to find out what he or she is being told, and especially after you finish reading what the following parents have had to say about their child’s imaginary or invisible friend.      

Subject number one: 42 year old Jose and his 6 year old son Rogelio.

When my son first began to tell me about his invisible 10 year old friend Bruce I didn’t believe him at first since I had always been told that kids make things up, but when I heard him carrying on a conversation on the back porch of our house and asked him what he was talking about, he told me that his friend Bruce had just finished telling him that I was going to be robbed at the gas station where I work, which happened the very next day. Bruce also said that I would need to buy a new car with four doors since my wife would give birth to twin baby girls within a year’s time and it also came true and there’s just no way that my son could have known this.

Subject number two: 50 year old Nelson and his 9 year old daughter Abigail.

My wife told me that our daughter might need to see a therapist since she had heard her talking to herself while she was bathing and while she was talking to an invisible boy named Roger who was 7 years old. I didn’t believe her until a group of plastic bottles suddenly flew across the room right after my daughter asked her invisible friend to prove to me that he’s real and that she isn’t lying. 

Subject number three: 48 year old Daphnia and her 13 year old daughter Melanie.  

When my daughter first told me about her 15 year old invisible friend Rebecca I kind of laughed in her face and said aren’t you a little old to be talking about an invisible girl, but when she told me that she had found her father’s old spirit board and that she had been playing with it, I became alarmed since her father had to have his house blessed when he was 12 years old. But the thing that had really freaked me out had to do with an incident that had happened when I was only 11 years old. Rebecca told my daughter that I had been picked up for shoplifting and that I had also been molested by a nun, which is something that I hadn’t even shared with my husband.

Subject number four: 33 year old Patricia and her 7 year old son Roger.

My son was playing in our backyard and when I heard him saying no that’s not true I became alarmed and asked him who he was talking to and he told me that his invisible 9 year old friend Alicia had told him that I had placed a tomato inside my vagina when I was 16 years old and I almost fainted since my 10 year old brother had walked in on me since I had forgotten to lock my door. And since I didn’t know what to do I lied to my son about the incident and Alicia shoved me from behind and threw dirt in my face.

Subject number five: 36 year old Jacob and his 4 year old son David.

When my son woke me up at 3:00am and told me that his 7 year old invisible friend Daniel had told him that a man was coming to take him away, I didn’t believe him at first and told him to go back to sleep and that no one was coming to take him away, however, 30 minutes had passed before I had suddenly heard a weird noise that was coming from down the hall. I found a man climbing through the kitchen window, which was only a few feet away from my son’s bedroom and I did not give the man the chance to say anything. I just started hitting him until he climbed out the window and ran away.

Subject number six: 39 year old Rosemary and her 7 year old daughter Millie.

When my daughter first told me about her 6 year old invisible friend Cathy, I immediately dismissed it, however, I became a believer shortly after Cathy told my daughter that I was going to be fired for anti-Semitism since I had been discriminating against a black Jewish coworker who would complain to the Human Resources Department about my bullying behavior and my anti-Jewish and pro-Christian comments.

Based on the following interviews I believe that it is safe to say that parents should think twice before they immediately dismiss their child’s statements since a boy was nearly abducted and since a woman lost her job for being a religious bigot and a bully and a person who thought that it was perfectly acceptable to target a religious Jew.              

 Nathaniel Armstrong, Jr.

Cerritos, CA –


The Retro Millennials

While we as Americans have certainly heard a number of unflattering statements that have been made about the Millennials, such as they killed tuna, it is vitally important to remember that the Millennials, as the ‘Marketers’ and the ‘Sellers’ like to call them, are indeed individuals, and that they are also products of their leadership, and that they do indeed have a right to abstain from tuna, and from anything else that’s being specifically marketed to their particular generation since they were not created by their mothers and fathers for the sole purpose of being marketed to, and have absolutely no obligation to buy tuna or GM Products or a $1000.00 cellphones.

The Millennials have a right to make their very own decisions in life just like the members of the Generation X community, who decided as kids that they wanted to add ketchup to their eggs, which is something that the Baby Boomers and their parents had apparently never thought of, which explains the news coverage during the 1980s.  

The Millennials like the GenXers and the Baby Boomers are a diverse group of individuals, which brings me to the group that I have identified as ‘The Retro Millennials’ based on their thoughts and their actions and the desires that were expresses during the 155 interviews that I conducted between 2016 and 2017 and 2018.

The Retro Millennials as a group haven’t received any attention in the American Press, which is why I’m taking the time to cover this unique group of Americans before their generation’s time in the spotlight has ended, and before this generation is also completely forgotten about by the American Press.

The Retro Millennials that I interviewed for this particular news article informed me that they are seeking the knowledge, and the wisdom of the elders, which by the way extends far beyond the Right vs Left politics that we are witnessing today, and far beyond voting for a group of candidates, who are only in office to do the bidding of the lobbyists, and the billionaire business owners.

The Retro Millennials that I interviewed prior to 12/25/2016 also informed me that they had taken their money out of the stock market, and that they had become savers rather than borrowers since their grandparents had been avid savers and had lived a happy life without buying a collection of meaningless high tech gadgets like many in their generation and the generation before them.

The Retro Millennials also informed me that they are seeking a deeper meaning in life, and that the political parties and the tech industry and the movies and the television shows and the radio personalities cannot fulfill this particular need for them.

This particular view was specifically expressed by 65 African Americans, and also by 57 white Americans, who like the African Americans had also informed me that they had been regularly attending church, and that they had also been reading the Holy Bible even though their counterparts were involved in other non-religious activities.

The African American Retro Millennials had also expressed a profound hunger for the Old Testament and the New Testament stories and lessons, and had also mentioned a particular Christian based website that’s called ‘The Narrow Path.’

The Retro Millennial group that I interviewed in 2016 and 2017 and 2018 had also included a group of Asians and Hispanics, who like the black Millennials, and the white Millennials, had also expressed an interest in wind-up alarm clocks, and in wind-up wrist watches since these ordinary items do not require batteries, and therefore do not have the very same environmental impact on the environment as batteries are known to have, and are therefore the ultimate form of renewable energy, which is something that The Retro Millennials had learned from a group of Baby Boomers and their Generation X children while they were attending church.

The Retro Millennials are not only interested in preserving the environment by using less impactful ‘Retro Technologies’ like wind-up devices, for they are also making their own lunches and dinners at home instead of buying fast food items.

The preparation of food items and an interest in ‘Retro Technologies’ like vinyl records and portable CD players is only one of the dimensions that can be readily found while speaking to The Retro Millennials since The Retro Millennials are also skilled at changing the oil in the  car, and at replacing the turn signal bulbs in any vehicle. The Retro Millennials can also change a tire, and they can also read a map, and can explain what a bumper jack is used for, and how it functions.

The Retro Millennials are also skilled in plumbing and in hunting and in construction and in engine rebuilding, and can tell you how thrilling it is to catch a fish, and how to thread a needle, and who President John Hanson was, and how to can foods, and how to make homemade ice cream, and homemade candy, and how to bake a cake or a pie, and how to prepare a turkey since they have not become ‘Information Slaves’ or non-readers, who rely on the television and the radio to bring them the news, and to tell them what to believe in, and what to buy, and who and what they should regard as important.

The Retro Millennials are the polar opposite of the ‘Information Slaves’ that are in their same age range since they understand the importance of being free to choose their own way in life, and even if it means a life without tuna.         

Nathaniel Armstrong, Jr.

Cerritos, CA –

The horrific and anti-Semitic fueled 10/27/2018 massacre that was viciously carried out at the, ‘Tree of Life Temple,’ in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania by a 46 year old unrepentant anti-Semite named Robert Bowers, who deliberately murdered 11 innocent Jewish worshippers while they were observing Shabbat, has left a number of Jews and non-Jews alike wondering whether or not ‘Hatred for all Jews’ from Africa, America, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Europe, Japan, Iceland, Iran, Iraq, Israel, New Zealand, Russia, and Syria, first began with Adolf Hitler and the European Holocaust?

The answer to the abovementioned question will be addressed by my news article since it is vitally important to understand that ‘anti-Hebrewism’ came first, and that it existed during the times of Moses, and before, and that the term ‘anti-Semitism’ was not readily used until the 1800s even though hatred for the ‘Jewish people’ can easily be found in ancient history, and with an ancient Second Century BCE anti-Semite named ‘Antiochus Epiphanies,’ who was also known by the title ‘God Manifest’ when he was the undisputed Hellenistic Greek King of the Seleucid Empire.

Antiochus Epiphanies, who’s also known as Antiochus IV Epiphanies, ruled Syria from 175 BCE to 164 BCE, and was the cruelest anti-Semite or Jew hater of the day, and must be seen as such since he persecuted the Jews prior to the Romans, and since his anti-Semitic legacy of outright hatred for all Jews can also be found in the actions of Adolf Hitler, and also in the actions of 46 year old Robert Bowers, who has been quoted as saying, “All Jews must die!”

The anti-Semitic legacy of the Second Century BCE Greek tyrant Antiochus Epiphanies must never be forgotten by the Jewish people since Antiochus IV appears in the Seventy Weeks prophecy that was delivered to the Prophet Daniel by the angel Gabriel, who reveals the ‘Abomination that causes Desolation’ in Chapter 9 of the book of Daniel.

The Jewish people must also remember Antiochus Epiphanies since he outlawed Judaism, and defiled the sacred Jewish Temple, and presided over the slaughter of the Jews just like the 20th Century madman Adolf Hitler did.

Antiochus IV came to power in what was known at the time as ‘Greece-Syria’ by flattering the ancient King of, ‘Pergamus,’ which is also known as, ‘Pergamos.’

The flattering of the ancient King of Pergamus, which is also known as, ‘Pergamon,’ and as, ‘Pergamum,’ and as, ‘The Seat of Satan,’ was absolutely essential to the rise of Antiochus Epiphanies since he was not the rightful heir to the throne in Greece Syria, and would not have ordinarily been on the throne.

The prophesied rise of Antiochus Epiphanies, and his diabolical legacy of anti-Semitism, would change the course of Jewish History forever since it would eventually play a role in the Spanish Inquisitions, and in the anti-Semitic fueled enslavement of the black Jews that were stolen from Africa, and in the European Holocaust that would follow the aforementioned anti-Jewish atrocities that had also succeeded in reducing the overall Jewish population throughout the world.

The prophetic words of the Prophet Daniel would be immediately realized by the Jews in the ancient world since Antiochus Epiphanies would suddenly come to power in the Second Century, and without having to shed any Syrian blood, which would have normally occurred since he was not the rightful heir to the throne in Greece Syria.

The Seventy Weeks prophecy would be fulfilled by the anti-Semite Antiochus Epiphanies since he would eventually have a silver coin made that would make him equal with the Greek God Zeus, who is also known as Satan.

However, this would not be all since Antiochus IV Epiphanies is also directly responsible for the torture and for the murder of the seven Jewish brothers, who had openly refused to bow before Antiochus’s satanic idols while also refusing to consume non-Kosher meat since Jews abstain from eating pork, and other animals that are deemed to be unclean by the Hebrew God Jehovah, who is also known as Yahweh and as Adonai.          

The tyrannical, and paganistic, and anti-Semitic, and murderous actions that were taken against Hannah, who is also known as the mother of faith, and also against her seven sons, who had openly refused to bow before the satanic idols, and also before Antiochus Epiphanies himself, who had already declared himself to be God, would prove to be a true turning point in Jewish History since the brothers would declare their religious independence by refusing to consume non-Jewish meat, and by also refusing to accept a non-Jewish holiday as their own, and by refusing to accept Antiochus Epiphanies as their God, who by the way was also called, ‘The Madman.’

The defiance of Hannah and her seven sons, and their deaths at the hands of Antiochus Epiphanies, would ultimately led to the deadly ‘Judah Maccabee’ uprising, which is also known as the ‘Maccabean Rebellion’ or as the ‘Maccabean Revolt.’

The Judah Maccabee uprising, which had also included his brothers, is indeed what the Jewish Holiday Chanukah is based on, and can be easily found in the book of 2 Maccabees, which is based on the work of the Second Century BCE Hellenist minded Jew, Jason of Cyrene, who is directly responsible for preserving this extremely important piece of Jewish History.

The honorable Maccabean Rebellion against the Greek King of Syria, Antiochus IV Epiphanies, was absolutely necessary since it proved that the Jews were not going to go down without fight, and especially after Antiochus Epiphanies had dared to declare himself to be the God of the Jews, who were willing to die for the right to worship their God Yahweh, who appears throughout the Torah, which is also known as the ‘Tenach’ or as ‘Tanakh’ which is Biblical Hebrew.

The fight for religious freedom, and for the right to maintain a distinct Jewish cultural identity, which was being encroached upon by Antiochus Epiphanies, and the other Hellenists of the day, had unexpectedly resulted in Judah Maccabee defeating the Greek General Nicanor, who had not tasted a defeat that was quite like the one that Judah Maccabee, and the other Maccabees had visited upon him.

The Maccabees had set the example for all years to come, and their unbreakable spirits still live on today since Antiochus Epiphanies couldn’t separate the Jews from their God Jehovah, and neither could Adolf Hitler, and neither will Robert Bowers or any of the other anti-Semites, who commit violent and anti-Semitic acts against the Jewish people since Hannah already set the example for all Jews by encouraging her seven martyred sons to remain faithful to the bitter end, and to die for Yahweh if necessary.

Nathaniel Armstrong, Jr.

Cerritos, CA –



Governor John Brown Russwurm (1799-1851) and pioneering Journalist Samuel Cornish (1795-1858) are the fathers and the sole creators of, ‘African American Journalism,’ which first began on March 16, 1827.

Now if you recall from your history books, and from my, ‘Black Dispatches And The American Civil War,’ news articles; 1827 was a time when slavery was still the law of the United States of America since slavery did not end in America until Confederate General Robert E. Lee decided to surrender to Republican General Ulysses S. Grant, which is what effectively ended the American Civil War on May 9, 1865 while simultaneously giving birth to the 1865 Galveston, Texas, ‘Juneteenth Independence Day Celebration,’ that’s still being actively observed by the African American communities within the United States of America and worldwide since African Americans in Texas were intentionally kept in slavery and forced to work for free, and beyond the January 1, 1863 signing of the, ‘Emancipation Proclamation,’ which is also known as the, ‘Proclamation 95 Executive Order,’ that effectively freed the Southern slaves prior to the passage of the 13th Amendment by the Senate on April 8, 1864, and by the House on January 31, 1865.

The signing of ‘Proclamation 95’ by President Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863, also freed the Southern slaves prior to the ratification of the 13th Amendment by the required number of states on December 6, 1865.

The signing of the ‘Emancipation Proclamation’ by the Republican President Abraham Lincoln, who was also the undisputed leader of the Union on January 1, 1863, also freed the Southern slaves prior to the proclamation of adoption, which was made by Secretary of State William H. Seward on December 18, 1865.   

But, what was life like for some African Americans in the year 1795, and prior to the signing of ‘Proclamation 95’ and the passage of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America, and why isn’t this particular subject required reading for all American schools of journalism?

Samuel Cornish was a, ‘Free Born Black,’ and an Abolitionist, and a Presbyterian minister, and a pioneering Journalist, and an Editor, and a Business Owner, who was born to two free born black parents in Sussex County, Delaware in the year 1795, and prior to being raised in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and also in New York City, New York, which had been the unrivaled domain of the popular white journalist Mordecai Noah, who had been writing news articles for the ‘New York Enquirer’ in the year 1827.

Mordecai Noah had made it his business to denigrate the free born blacks that he had been writing about in his news articles even though a great percentage of the free born blacks in his immediate area, and throughout the country, were indeed descended from the ‘Black Jews’ or ‘Israelites’ that had been stolen from the soil of Western Africa where they had been worshipping their Hebrew God ‘Jehovah’ prior to the start of Chattel Slavery, and the atrocious American Slave System, that President Abraham Lincoln, and the United States Congress, and the states would eventually abolish with the presidential signing on February 1, 1865, and with the April 8, 1864, and the January 31, 1865 passage, and with the December 6, 1865 ratification of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America.

But, what was life like for some African Americans prior to the advent of, ‘African American Journalism,’ in the year 1827, and prior to the signing of ‘Proclamation 95’ and the passage of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America, and why isn’t this particular subject  required reading for all American schools of journalism?

The ‘Antebellum South’ continued to enslave and to murder and to torture and to rape the human beings from Africa while the white journalists continued to cover for them by normalizing their repugnant behavior, which had often manifested itself on Sundays, and prior to Governor John Brown Russwurm being born into the world as a, ‘Free Born Black.’

The free born status of Governor John Brown Russwurm would serve to open the eyes of thousands of Americans since he was not born in the United States of America, but would eventually become the second African American to earn a college degree from a prestigious American institution while his fellow African Americans were still being brutalized and raped and murdered and tortured and enslaved in certain parts of the United States of America while he was graduating from college in the year 1826.

But, what was life like for some African Americans in the year 1799, and prior to the signing of ‘Proclamation 95’ and the passage of the 13th Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America, and why isn’t this particular subject required reading for all American schools of journalism?

The United States was experiencing an ongoing runaway slave issue as well as a number of spontaneous slave revolts while recovering from the societal and structural damage that had come to America as a direct result of the, ‘1775 to 1783 American Revolution,’ when Governor John Brown Russwurm was born in Jamaica in the year 1799, and prior to moving to Quebec, Canada as a child where he had remained up until he decided to move to the state of Maine where he had enrolled in, ‘Bowdoin College.’

Governor Russwurm’s enrollment in classes at Bowdoin College took place shortly before he began to write term papers about the leader of the Haitian Revolution, Toussaint L’Ouverture.

The thought provoking term papers had served to stimulate many meaningful discussions amongst the students and staff prior to Governor Russwurm’s 1826 graduation speech, which had also centered on the Haitian Revolution since the Haitian Revolution is the epicenter of black resistance, as well as the birthplace for black independence from slavery.

Governor Russwurm’s passion for the truth and subsequent 1826 graduation from Bowdoin College would change the world of journalism forever since he would decide to move to New York City, New York where he would meet Samuel Cornish, who had already been living under the racially charged, and crushing arm of the ‘American Press’ which had been led in part by Mordecai Noah and the other white journalists, who had been practicing a cruel form of ‘Editorial Racism’ that can still be found in today’s journalistic climate.

The one sided world of editorial racism would soon meet its match since Governor John Brown Russwurm had long understood the role that media plays within a functioning society, and how it had already been used by the rich and by the powerful to create and to sustain a series of destructive and crushing stereotypes that were being used against the power-less, who in this case were the free born blacks that were being written about by Mordecai Noah, who had already demonstrated his overt racial bias towards the blacks in his widely read news articles that were also being read by the religious people of the day and also by law enforcement.  

The fight to bring truth and balance and justice to the existing world of journalism in 1827 would not be an easy one, however, Governor John Brown Russwurm, who was also a pioneering journalist, and Samuel Cornish were equally insightful men when they decided to take up the fight for truth and balance and justice in journalism, and having the indisputable confidence that comes along with being born free, they founded the very first owned and operated black newspaper in the United States of America on March 16, 1827.

The newspaper was called, ‘Freedom’s Journal,’ and its very first issue was a direct response to Mordecai Noah, and to the other white journalists that had also been openly practicing editorial racism in their news articles.

The rebuke and statement of ‘Journalistic Independence’ and declaration of freedom in print simply started off with the eternal words, “We wish to plead our own case.”

The ‘Independent News Media’ was created on March 16, 1827 when pioneering journalists John Brown Russwurm and Samuel Cornish wrote in an unmistakable language that could be understood by all, “Too long have others spoken for us. Too long has the publick been deceived by misrepresentation in things which concern us dearly.”

The immortal words, “We wish to plead our own case,” effectively created the world of, ‘Black Journalism’ or ‘African American Journalism’ when they were published in New York City, New York for the very first time on March 16, 1827.

The publishing of the words, “Too long have others spoken for us. Too long has the publick been deceived by misrepresentation in things which concern us dearly,” on March 16, 1827, has caused many to argue in recent days that the official ‘War On Fake News’ had actually begun on March 16, 1827, and with John Brown Russwurm and Samuel Cornish since black Americans had finally received a voice in print, and could therefore fully express themselves in a world of widely accepted ‘Journalistic Racism.’

The world at large and the world of ‘American Journalism’ would never be the same again since Freedom’s Journal was indeed an entirely ‘New’ form of media that would forever be known as , ‘Black Journalism’ or as ‘African American Journalism.’

The world of journalism was made whole on March 16, 1827 since Freedom’s Journal was an abolitionist minded four column periodical that had helped to change the debate about race, as well as the social construction of race itself, since everything that had been taught and said about race had come through the lens of the rich and the powerful, and also through the lens of white men like Mordecai Noah, who had known next to nothing about the free born blacks that he had been writing about since his great, great grandparents and his great grandparents had not been stolen from their homes in Africa and enslaved in America and forced to call ‘Jesus’ their God instead of ‘Yahweh’ who they had known from birth.

The lens of the victims of racism had been completely ignored by most news outlets, however, that would soon change in 1827 since Freedom’s Journal was printed every Friday, and had sought to instill a sense of pride within the affected African American communities that had also been reading Mordecai Noah’s editorial racism by publishing short biographies that were about the prominent blacks that wouldn’t be allowed to appear in Mordecai Noah’s news articles.

Samuel Cornish and Governor John Brown Russwurm also published black poets, and various sermons, and the births and the deaths of the blacks that were located within the local African American Communities. They also published marriage announcements and foreign and domestic news stories, and advertisements, as well as editorials that rightfully condemned slavery, and racial discrimination, and the other outlandish injustices that were being endured by African Americans while many of the white owned and operated newspapers in New York City were openly embracing and supporting slavery and racial bias against black people by being ‘Editorially Complicit’ in this crime against humanity.

The brand new form of media that Samuel Eli Cornish and Governor John Brown Russwurm had effectively created in New York City, New York on March 16, 1827, had hit the ground running since there was nothing else like it in all of the United States of America. However, in September of 1827 John Brown Russwurm became the sole editor of Freedom’s Journal shortly after Samuel Cornish unexpectedly resigned from the paper over a series of disputes that were related to the African American colonization of Africa effort, which is something that John Brown Russwurm had been promoting due to his support for, ‘The Colonization Movement,’ that was being led by the, ‘American Colonization Society,’ who had wanted to free the African American slaves while offering them the opportunity to move back to Africa after they had already been forced to build a paradise for their white slave masers, who had already raped and tortured their sons and their daughters.

The idea of leaving America to the very same whites that had already enslaved millions of black people did not sit well with the readers, who had previously remained loyal to Russwurm after Cornish abruptly left the paper due to their irreconcilable disputes over colonizing Africa.

The loyalty had come to an end and Freedom’s Journal’s support for the colonization of Africa effort would prove to be extremely unpopular with its readers, and with the unforeseen loss of subscriptions, and circulation in March of 1829, Freedom’s Journal was forced to cease operations shortly before John Brown Russwurm decided to move to Liberia, Africa, which is the area in Western Africa that was established by the American Colonization Society for the blacks that they were able to recruit in America prior to the move back to Africa, and far away from the country that had wronged them.

The new arrivals eventually settled in and began their new lives while John Brown Russwurm went on to become the Governor of Liberia’s Maryland Colony while his former business partner Samuel Cornish returned to publishing in 1829 and tried to re-establish Freedom’s Journal under the new name, ‘The Rights of All.’

However, the new newspaper only lasted less than a year since the readers were still upset over the colonization of Africa effort that John Brown Russwurm had championed while he was the sole editor of Freedom’s Journal.                                               

 Nathaniel Armstrong, Jr.

Cerritos, CA –


The Electronic Watchmen

‘The Electronic Watchmen’ are here!

The Electronic Watchmen arrived while the vast majority of Americans were steeping and dancing and going about their individual lives while ‘The Planners’ and ‘The Trackers’ of human development and movement were secretly constructing the world that we currently find ourselves living in.

The Electronic Watchmen first arrived on the scene in the form of, ‘Pagers,’ however, the unsuspecting consumers in the 1980s, who were largely members of the Generation X community, did not realize that they were consenting to being tracked and to giving up their positions, and on any given date and time since their transmitters were secretly telling on them while they were innocently going about their lives while The Planners and The Trackers of human development and movement were gathering trillions and trillions of personal data strands that were attached to an address and to a name, and that could easily be used for political and gentrification reasons since the Pagers were also worn to the voting stations on election day.

The first generation of Electronic Watchmen became an instant tool of surveillance overnight, as well as an accurate predictor of what types of dual and triple purpose technologies the humans would be willing to accept on a large scale, and without questioning the possible side effects that might be associated with said technologies.

The ‘Venture Capitalists’ also played a role in the development of the first generation Electronic Watchmen, and so did the ‘Marketers’ who made sure that the consumers wouldn’t inquire about the type of ‘Electronic Super World’ that The Planners and The Trackers would be creating for future generations of Americans.

The first generation Electronic Watchmen have taken on many different forms throughout the years beginning with the debut of the cellphone, which also tracks and transmits the consumer’s position while also making it possible for a domestic or foreign intelligence agency to gain access to the consumer’s phone calls and text messages and emails etc.

The second generation Electronic Watchmen have moved into the human body since it is now possible for a physician to tell whether or not his or her patient is taking his or her prescribed medications since one of the pills that the elderly patient swallowed is a transmitter as well as a sensor that’s designed to identify the medications as they are being taken on a regular basis.

The second generation Electronic Watchmen will also be used to track the consumption of certain food items like orange juice and milk and eggs and butter since these particular food items will have a sensor that will be placed on their containers. The sensor will communicate with your Wi-Fi equipped refrigerators, which will be programmed to send you a text message or a prerecorded voicemail message or an email that will inform you of the need to purchase a replacement for the dwindling food item.

However, once all of the food items have been genetically modified, which will give birth to the third generation of organically based Electronic Watchmen, the pears and apples and oranges and edible mushrooms and grapes and meats will begin to communicate with the hungry human body, which will also be a genetically modified transmitter and receiver due to the futuristic vaccines that are coming into the world, and that will also make it possible for the Artificial Intelligence Systems to begin to communicate with you on a telepathic basis, and through a process that I called ‘Articulate Interruption’ back in junior high school since the human being will be temporarily transformed into a nonverbal transmitter and receiver once he or she is contacted by the A.I. System that appeared in my futuristic dream prior to the release of the first Terminator movie and Skynet.

The second generation Electronic Watchmen have also moved into the automobiles and are presently communicating with car owners, some of whom, who are quite surprised when they receive an email that’s directly associated with the service light that has suddenly shown up on their instrument panel. And while some in the ‘Do It Yourself Community’ might appreciate an email that explains the service light, others are concerned that the information could quite possibly be used against them when they go to trade their car in, and especially if they go 2,000 miles or more past the date and time for the prescribed oil change due to a lack of money.

The verifiable email distributions have caused this concern since the emails that are associated with the service light notifications can easily be presented to the unsuspecting consumer during the ‘Big Brother’ phase of the car deal.

The second generation Electronic Watchmen are everywhere, and since I’m also a Futurist, as well as an investigative journalist, I wanted to give you a little glimpse of what’s coming in the future since it will also include nonhuman Nano surgeons that will perform surgeries on you while they slowly replace the doctors in our lives.

The second generation Electronic Watchmen will also be in the driver-less cars that you will not be able to purchase in the future once private car ownership is eventually outlawed by The Planners and The Trackers of human development and movement, who by the way will also give the A.I. Systems the ability to take your vital signs while you’re walking through the malls and while you’re eating in the food courts and while you’re sitting at home and watching TV.

The A.I. Systems in your home and local libraries and internet cafés and places of employment will also begin to take your vital signs, and will be able to call 911 when needed.

The A.I. Systems will also take your vital signs while many of you are obtaining a ‘U.S. Copyright’ for your news site, and for your published online materials, and for your intellectual property, which often dwarfs Hollywood and the pantheon of human gatekeepers and the master magicians that are behind the television cameras and the faceless microphones that seem to dominate the world of politics for now since they simply haven’t had the opportunity to read the final piece of my news article that deals with the dark side of the third generation of organically based Electronic Watchmen.   

The third generation of vaccine generated organically based Electronic Watchmen can also be used for political and military purposes, however, human DNA in the yet to be born humans must he completely altered first since this is how the A.I. Systems will begin to communicate with the humans on a telepathic basis, which effectively means that entire armies of humans can be created within a matter of seconds while elections are secretly stolen all across the planet since the humans will believe that the thoughts are their own since we have entered the age of ‘The Electronic Super World’ where everything is possible.   

Nathaniel Armstrong, Jr.

Cerritos, CA –







“Black Dispatches” was an intelligence term that was widely used by the Union Forces that were still loyal to President Abraham Lincoln during the tumultuous and worrisome days of the American Civil War, which had ended with the deaths of more than 700,000 men in the spring of 1865.

The Black Dispatches were freely given to the Union by a collection of African American spies or intelligence gatherers, who were still being enslaved by the Confederates, and their citizens, who were being backed up by a group of non-slave owning white sympathizers, who were trying their absolute very best to prevent the inevitable collapse of the Southern states and their debauched kingdom of Chattel Slavery, and sickness and death, and untold misery.

The aforementioned Black Dispatches were also provided by another group of African American spies, who had suddenly come under the command and/or control of several Union Soldiers, who made the conscious decision to use the war-time information, that the former slaves had secretly obtained through a number of frontline military debriefings, to gain the upper hand during the war, and to thwart and frustrate the efforts of the seasoned Confederate Generals, and their lower ranking soldiers, who were also being actively spied on, and who were very much like their Confederate President Jefferson Davis, who could have never imagined within his wildest dreams that the black captives in his charge could be anything else besides a slave since he, like the others before him, simply didn’t understand that the blacks in their custody had previously been part of an advanced civilization that had also included a number of prominent black spies, who had secretly worked for a number of kings and queens in Africa, and  prior to the advent of Chattel Slavery, and the West African Slave Trade, which had already gotten underway in Africa prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus in 1492.

The arrival of Christopher Columbus, which had occurred about a half of a century after the start of the West African Slave Trade, would simply be the beginning of a series of non-Native American initiated wars, and non-Native American armies since the Confederate Generals, and the men that were serving underneath them would become a separate and formidable army, who had yet to meet up with the devout Civil War era African American spies that would suddenly and unexpectedly spring up all over the South, and who would be both males and females, as well as victims of an international kidnapping ring since they had been forcibly transported to America against their wills while they were being taken from their peaceful and loving homes on the Western Coast of Africa where they had not given their consent to be enslaved under the American slave system, which was drastically different from the kind of “Indentured Servitude” that we can find in the Hebrew Bible, and that had also existed in certain African slave states, who gave their African slaves the right to testify in court and to get married and to have a nuclear family and to inherit their master’s property upon his death.

The Union spies of African American ancestry knew African history and African law as well as the contrasting differences between indentured servitude and the American slave system, which as far as they were concerned had to be abolished at all costs since it had represented a form of unshakable evil that had never been seen before since it was married to a new form of unchecked greed that had known no end since it was indeed the beast that eats the poor of the land.

The Confederate system represented death and sickness and misery for millions of African Americans, and had to be stopped through acts of espionage and armed conflict, and the black slaves were the perfect weapon since they knew the lay of the land and could infiltrate any area of the Confederacy, which was easily demonstrated when Mary Richards Bowser, who was born a slave to a family with Northern roots, and who was also a, “Union Spy,” as well as a top secret and deep cover, “Agent In Place,” who had once been owned by the Van Lew family, was secretly gathering valuable Union intelligence on the Confederates while she was working as a staff member inside the Jefferson Davis Richmond Virginia based “White House” while the rest of the South was crawling with her fellow African American Union spies, who were unshakably loyal to President Lincoln and also to his Union Soldiers, who were also African Americans.

The Black Dispatches or “Wartime Intelligence Reports” that Mary Richards Bowser, who was also known as, “Richmonia Richards,” had been secretly compiling on the Confederate President Jefferson Davis while she was working inside his White House, had continued to stream in as the war for control over the Southern States had continued to wage on, and while the Confederates were none the wiser since they had incorrectly assumed that all slaves were the same and that they couldn’t think and that they had extremely low IQs even though Timbuktu had been the center of learning long before America was even a concept, and even though enslaved African Americans were publishing an American newspaper in the year 1827.

The Black Dispatches as well as a series of open gun battles that were taking place between the Confederates and the black Union Soldiers that were fighting to end slavery once and for all, had proven the Confederates wrong on all accounts while simultaneously changing the entire course of the American Civil War and American history itself since the very least in the American kingdom had turned out to be the most formidable intelligence gathers that The Republic had ever seen since no one besides the slaves themselves believed or thought or knew that the slaves could be much more than just slaves when the Civil War between the Confederate States and the Union States first got underway in April of 1861.

And while the Union Soldiers might have also received sets of helpful information from their white sympathizers like the “Peace Society” of Alabama and East Tennessee and Georgia and Mississippi, no one was more effective against the Confederate States than the slaves, and former slaves had been while they were serving the Union under the leadership of the capable Union Soldiers that ultimately regained control of the country while also receiving verified intelligence reports from, “The Network of Northern Spies,” who had also managed to infiltrate the South during a separate spying operation. The Network of Northern Spies was primarily comprised of devout Catholics and Methodists and Jews and unyielding Quakers and other groups of faith that were present in the United States during the turbulent 1860s.  

The tumultuous 1860s are seen by many as America’s greatest period to date since the religious people in the North and also in the South had joined forces with the black slaves from Africa while taking on the Southern establishment, which was also seen by many as Satanic in nature and as an abomination.

The word abomination was being widely used during the war filled 1860s, which is indeed why some people still see the period between 1861 and 1865 as a type of holy war since the slaves and former slaves, who had already escaped to Union territory, and who were actively supplying the incomparable Black Dispatches that were being used by President Lincoln’s Forces, had risked their lives by going behind enemy lines just like the Hebrew spies had done thousands of years before them when they entered the ancient city of Jericho, and when they met the biblical figure Rehab, who had saved the lives of the two Israelite spies by hiding them on her roof top while sending the king’s guards in a different direction. The Hebrew spies had been sent by Joshua to gauge the defenses of Jericho when Rehab, who was a prostitute, demonstrated her faith in the Israelite God by saying to the Hebrew spies, “The Lord your God is God in heaven above and on the earth below.”

The Black Dispatches were a modern day example of the Israelite intelligence reports that were delivered to Joshua since the African American intelligence reports had also revealed considerable weaknesses that had existed within the unsuspecting Confederate Soldiers’ defenses, and while some will try to claim that the South lost the Civil War due to a lack of men, the Union Generals of the day knew better since General Robert E. Lee, who was in command of the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia, openly stated in May of 1863, “The chief source of information to the enemy is through our Negroes.”      

The Black Dispatches proved to be Jefferson Davis’ and Robert E. Lee’s undoing since a large portion of runaway slaves, who were previously thought dumb by the Confederates due to their menial work, which allowed them to move about undetected, had also provided crippling war-time intelligence reports to the Union while searching for a place or a city to call their own in a world of open warfare.

African Americans not only participated in the intelligence gathering aspect of the American Civil War, for they also conducted tactical and strategic “Union Intelligence Missions” that required them to go behind enemy lines and to remain in place and to assassinate scores of Confederate Soldiers, which was not an easy task to accomplish since the Confederate Soldiers had already won some impressive battles against the Union, and had also participated in numerous wars against the American Indians, who were also fighting against the Mexican Cavalry, who had also stolen their land while the African American spies in the South were handing the keys to the kingdom to President Lincoln and his Union Forces.   

The war-time Black Dispatches, which were obtained by eavesdropping on Confederate President Jefferson Davis, and numerous Confederate war discussions while hiding pieces of written information inside one’s shoes and other articles of clothing while actively remembering large portions of classified Confederate war strategies: were extremely lethal pieces of intelligence and were therefore used throughout the remainder of the Civil War since they were the absolute very best defense that could be used against the Confederate Forces since the Confederates wouldn’t be looking for the black spies or for the black assassins, who were just as loyal to the Union Forces as Harriet Tubman had been.                                    

Nathaniel Armstrong, Jr.

Cerritos, CA –